Patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power, predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property. In the domain of the family, fathers or father-figures hold authority over women and children.
Some of the things that will empower women in the Emburbul community are:
- Women’s groups
- Women earning income, such as a bead co-op
- Delaying marriage until least age 16 (legal age is 18)
- Working to stop the practice of FMC, which can be harmful to health of girls, mothers, and infants.
- Better health through the spacing of children
- Improving the water supply so that women don’t have to walk so far to get water
- Training of traditional birth attendants to supply pre- and post-natal care, family planning, and vaccinations.
- Education of the people of Emburbul in the benefits family planning. Education of girls and women of child-bearing age of family planning methods.
- Access to health care and family planning.
- Connecting with other women’s groups
- Use of modern communications such as cell phones and smart phones to connect with the outside world and also to gain literacy
- Sex education for adolescents
- Education of men and boys to respect women.
- Education of girls
- Giving women a voice in village matters
- Land and inheritance rights
The treaty of Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, (CEDAW), which went into effect on September 3, 1981—was the first global document to specifically address the rights of women and was often thought of as the first international bill of rights for women. As the most comprehensive and detailed international agreement to seek the advancement of women, it established rights in areas not previously subject to international standards and assured the protection of women’s civil, political, social, economic, and cultural rights. The CEDAW would become one of the most highly ratified international human rights conventions, having the support of 186 nations, which signed the convention in 1980 and put it into effect in 1985. Tanzania ratified CEDAW. By accepting the declaration, the government of Tanzania agreed to incorporate the principle of equality between men and women and to ensure the elimination of all acts of discrimination against women.
The Treaty has encourage the development of citizen rights in Botswana and Jampan, inheritance rights in the United Republic of Tanzaniz, and property rights and political participation in Costa Rica.